Nachural News – New York
British scientist Diane Johnson deals with the study of small space rocks, from the time of ancient Egypt.
The story he tells is not just a story about science, but also the story of small fantasies of childhood which for a time became an obsession achieved through serious animals, and research projects.
– I’m just English digger that young age he knew that meteorites and Egypt will be part of his life. I would like your readers to experience me just like a small Egyptian in the body of pale Englishwoman from Manchester. I believe the same way will experience the passion that we have for their research, Johnson, a member of the project team Arjon From Sky and currently working as an independent researcher at the Open University in England.
It is primarily an Egyptologist who has an office in the UK, a physicist who does not write formulas, a historian who never spoke too much for the history books. When motives are questioned, Diane says always progress.
– It is best to start chronologically, because that somehow things fit into our research. This is like a big puzzle that we are building for decades, centuries, eons, said Johnson.
Her interest in the subject began when she was 12. Then he received a gift of the first piece of the universe, his first meteorite.
– Over time I learned to differentiate concepts such as meteors and meteorites, and developed a method like the stones from heaven looking at his surroundings, Manchester, Huddersfield and Sheffield. Once I made a collection of 30 stones, I thought, Diane is now time to upgrade to something more serious, explaining with great excitement.
Her research there was a small but unusual introduction. – First ate a good cookie. That’s my advice to readers: Never start big decisions if you have eaten well before cookie !, he explains laughing, adding that the faculty wrote thinking that one day you get a doctorate in astronomy.
– However, in basic studies I found that in wanting to bavam and is today considered astronomy. It was drawn to figure out whether ancient Egyptians had some knowledge of what the universe offers us. Museum in Manchester saw several excellent papers on the subject of the first appearance of iron tools in the Nile Valley and then it was clear what it is research that had so long waited. I gathered some money and went on his first trip to Egypt, added Johnson.
After unexpectedly long holiday in Egypt, which for three months instead of the planned one week, came into contact with people who turned their attention to her intuition perhaps heading in the right direction. It appeared that the Iron Age in Egypt actually began much earlier than what the history.
Quickly your degree in astronomers nadogradila with the master in the analysis of the materials, and a doctorate in which it united with the material we receive from space, write and study in Egyptology at the University of Manchester.
As I said, the goal was a much deeper level to understand the whole process of growing a large and important civilization as Egypt. Her love for Egypt with time became stronger and now regularly attends friendly families near Cairo.
– After my first trip to this enchanting country occurred many interesting coincidences that only furthered my horse from the combination of meteors and egiptologijata. The aficionados of egiptologijata, archaeologists and others, by the end of the 80s of the last century undoubtedly believed that Egyptians developed some special skillful techniques for processing iron, and that there are no traces that the processing of the metal took place in the valley Nile before the official start of the era by historical books, in 1.5 thousand edible BC, she added.
But the excavations that were carried out near Girzeja found something else. – classical approach can not explain where iron and its use in Egypt in the early period and why many iron jewelry was found in a grave if Egypt did not officially aware of such material at 4 to 5 iladi BC explains British scientist .
Girzeanskata culture is considered very interesting period in ancient Egypt. It belongs to predinastija. Stretched in the lower and upper Nubeja as in the Nile Valley. The cemetery is near the eponymous capital are considered valuable heritage of the time. That’s what we know from history.
– When Girzeja samples were brought to the museum in Manchester, I found that among them there are interesting traces of various tools and similar items. Then my second year of doctoral studies and require special permission from the museum I approve further analysis of these harmful residues. They were very impressed about my idea, supported me from beginning to end and I am immensely grateful added Johnson.
After their analysis undertaken the iron rings that obtained for the purpose of research of that period, further research showed a similar job with stab or even something which indicated that these items in ancient times served as a stabbing.
– What I found made a small revolution in our understanding of the materials used in ancient times. Egyptians first met iron in 3400 BC, more than 1,000 years before the appearance of the first Iron Age recorded in history. But more importantly, that iron was not of earthly origin, but came directly from space by meteorites, noted Johnson.
Because oxidation of the material greatly complicates the analysis, it was not simple to explain the structure of the old stuff nowadays.
– Yes, it was a big problem, says Dr. Johnson. – Although the techniques that we have developed, we managed to conclude what is the amount of nickel and some components in the composition of iron, which is analyzed. In this metallic residue containing original estimate that about 30 percent nickel, she adds.
It is known that nickel with cobalt in the composition of iron meteorites, because there was no dilemma before finding what they are.
– The first results of our analysis showed that front we had the most iron specimen ever found and used in the history of ancient Egypt. It is interesting that studies of these same metal bracelets were carried out several times before our, say 1912 and then in 1978, but none managed to connect the existence of iron in meteorites explain the British scientist and added that it very much I wondered.
In contrast, the Egyptians were never known in history as the top experts on processing iron. According to Johnson, the reason for that important parts of the puzzle missing. – Egyptians might not know how to shape some samples that are larger and heavier, so they ended the surrounding nations that had more talent to perfect these techniques, she said.
– A recent discovery attracted great media attention. A team of colleagues from the US and the UK showed that sword from the tomb of Tutankhamun, who found archaeologist Howard Karper back in 1925, actually made of iron meteorites, she said adding that the beauty and style that dagger suggest that they have shaped the Egyptians, but he obtained as gifts from other people or more likely a ruler, which it wishes to express their allegiance to King Tut.
Johnson is certain that the history of a great nation must be revealed to the end. – We found some amazing things and no reason not to continue. I would like to figure out whether the Egyptians knew that before him have something from extraterrestrial origin, she said.
Considering the way they treated the gods at that time, it can be assumed that the processing techniques or at least keeping that piece of the universe cherished later generations.
– He continuity is gone and we have to ask ourselves why, said Johnson.
Dr. Diane Johnson will soon see British television BBC has learned. That their Egyptian adventure continues with the television camera along with her research work will record stories about how he lived ancient Egypt in the Nile Valley.
As pointed out “linking culture of knowledge and use of meteorites, as well as learning about other nations is our duty as the table would put documents and computers will leave with many equations, analysis and computer codes.”