For centuries, it was one of the world’s greatest mysteries: How the congregation of the Armada period built the Cheops pyramid in Giza, the oldest and only survived by the Seven Wonders of the Old World.
Although there are many theories about how it is built, evidence has now been discovered that say that Egyptians also transport tones of heavy blocks, limestone and granite to the place where the Cheops pyramid was built at a distance of 800 kilometers.
With 138.75 meters of rain, Cheops is not only the largest pyramid in Egypt, but until the Middle Ages was the largest building that the man built.
Now discoveries of papyrus ancient writings, the ceremonial boat and the ingenious system of water channels cast a new light on the way the Great Pyramid was built about 2600 years before the new era.
Archaeologists have discovered records that explain that thousands of workers transported 170,000 tons of limestone in wooden ships, with connected ropes, via the Nile and a separate network of canals, which led from the harbor made near the pyramid.
A record of the papyrus found at the Wadi El Gaff Harbor on the Red Sea is authentic and shows first-hand testimony of Merrer, a team leader of 40 elite workers detailing how the big limestone blocks were transported from Tour to Giza.
In his diary, the meter describes how his crew participated in the shifting of the crest, raising huge embankments to divert the Nile water in the direction of the pyramid through the channels.
Although it has long been known that the granite from which the inner rooms were built in the pyramid, is dug from Aswan, about 850 kilometers south of Giza, and that limestone arrives from Tura, about ten kilometers further away, archaeologists disagree with how they were transported to the construction site.
Archaeologist Mark Lenner, one of the leading experts in this field, uncovers evidence of a former wet road that led through the plateau of Giza.
– We have rightly determined where the central channel is located, which we believe was the primary way to carry material at the foot of the Great Pyramid, said Lenner.
The new discovery was presented in the documentary Egypt’s Great Pyramid: The New Evidence, broadcast on the Vatican Channel 4. It also presents the discovery of another archaeological team that has uncovered a ceremonial boat designed for Keops to command them into the afterlife.
How the pyramids really are built in Egypt? (video)
The ancient Egyptian pyramids for their time were a remarkable achievement, so many people doubt that they were actually built by real people.
But even though many think that scientists will never discover the secret of building such imposing buildings in such a distant past, up and down, the technique is revealed.
Although they served with primitive technology, it was at least ingenious. Because the Egyptians then had a wheel, they used the sandwich moistening technique to reduce friction while dragging large sledges with heavy stone blocks.
It is known that they were built directly beside the quarries, which facilitated the transport.
Because they followed the movement of the stars and knew the basic level of astronomy, they could make buildings at the right angle.
Earlier it was discovered that the construction of the Great Pyramid needed less than 2,000 people and about 23 years, and more you can see in the video animation below.