Day Fifteenth, also called “black Friday”, a lot of time in the people causes an incomprehensible feeling of fear. On this date, many are paralyzed by fear.
Some give up travel by plane, and some do not travel at all. It was estimated that on this day in the United States businessmen lose between 800 and 900 million dollars, since many do not even think about their jobs. Donald Dosi, founder of the Stress Management Center and the Phobia Institute in Asheville, North Carolina, said that fear of Friday 13 is plagued by between 17 and 21 million Americans. Symptoms varied from moderate anxiety to total panic. Psychologists have proven that people who consider themselves unfortunate, for slaves, are much more likely to believe in these superstitions, which link the bad luck in their lives.
Friday’s fear of the 13th is called parascerodecatriphobia or frigatric andeccafobia.
Some researchers still look for the root of the so-called. black Friday. There are more beliefs about the origins of superstition for Friday 13:
Eve in Paradise deceived Adam with the apple precisely on Friday.
At the secret dinner there were 13 people – Jesus and the 12 apostles. And to this day, many people still have superstitions that 13 souls should not sit in the same place or the same mass. The traitor Judas came last at the secret dinner and first went away. Others believe that Jesus Christ was crucified precisely on the day of Friday.
Superstition probably has a connection with the calendar, which according to astronomy in the past was considered necessary to exist for 13 months in some years, while the Gregorian and Islamic calendar always have 12 months in a year.
According to some, Friday 13 is due to an ancient Scandinavian myth, according to which 12 gods were worshiped in Valhalla, the home of the god Odin. The god of evil and fire Loki, who was not invited, suddenly appeared in the home of Odin and killed the god of joy Balder. The land immediately sunk into the darkness.
More recently, on 13 October 1307, when on the orders of the French King Philip IV and Pope Clement V., Jacques de Molay, the Grand Master of the Templar Order and thousands of knights of the Order, were imprisoned. These prisoners were subjected to great torture, were declared heretics and all other offenses that were in opposition to the church in Rome. Thus, many of those knights were burned to the stake or executed. From that day onwards, Friday 13th was considered a bad and unlucky day.
In ancient Rome, magicians gathered in groups of 12 people. It was believed that the thirteenth in the group was the devil itself.
According to numerologists, figure 13 “suffers” for his position after the number 12. For example, there are 12 months in the year, 12 zodiac signs, 12 gods of Olympus, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles of Jesus. In the Tarot cards, 13 is the map of death.
On that day, the Bible flood took place.
Cain killed Abel.
God on the 13th mixed up the languages of the Tower of Babel.
Fear of number 13 is very current nowadays. More than 80% of high-rise buildings have no 13th floor. Many planes miss their flight on the 13th, especially on Friday. In Formula 1, for example, there is no car with number 13. The streets of Florence release the number 13. On April 13, 1970, an oxygen tank explosion changed the planes of Apollo 13 for flight to the moon. The Apollo 13 departure time is 13:13 according to US time. The names of some of the most famous serial killers are 13 letters: Jack the Ripper, John Wayne Gacy, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore (Ted) Bundy.
Superstition for Friday 13 or for the “unfortunate” number 13 encourages rich film and publishing production with numerous works on this subject, among which are the Hollywood film series Friday 13, the mysterious novel ” Trinaestmine of the Dinner ” by Agatha Christie and the drama around the mission of the Apollo 13 shuttle ship for which a film was made.