After exactly six years since the murder of Muammar al-Gaddafi, the world is not the same. Since then, ISIL has been created in Libya, there have been revolutions in Ukraine, Syria, Egypt … five million refugees displaced in the Arab world and Europe. From Gaddafi and what followed after Libya, the world learned lessons.
These days, six years have elapsed since Libya’s October 20, 2011, leader of that country Muammar al-Qaddafi was killed. He did not have a formal function of the head of state or a similar position simply – he was the leader of the revolution and ruled Libya from a military coup against Libyan King Idriz in 1969, until his death in October 2011.
He came to power after a military coup, a revolution in Libya that led him against King Idriz who gave Libya’s oil almost to the US oil companies that Libya had nationalized after the revolution. The oil has determined Gaddafi’s fate, due to her coming to power, forcing her to fall out of power and was killed – for oil sources to return under the rule of US oil companies.
On February 17, 2011, in Benghazi and several other cities across Libya, a military rebellion against Gaddafi’s regime broke out, soon after in March, the UN Security Council issued a ban on flights over Libya by which Gaddafi lost the right to use aviation against rebels, after followed by a grave civil war and military intervention by the United States, Britain, France and Canada against Gaddafi’s army, and in support of the rebels, with 26,000 military flights and bombing on Libyan military and police forces in seven months command of Gaddafi.
On April 15, 2011, in Washington Post, a text appeared with statements by leaders Barack Obama, Nicolas Sarkozy and David Cameron with the conclusion: Gaddafi must leave – forever. The end of the Libyan civil war was already certain.
The end was scary. On October 20, Muammer El Gaddafi was captured near the city of Sirte, fiercely killed by rebels, dragged through the streets and his dead body exposed to public for days as evidence of the victory and fear for all who disagree with the rebel insurgency’s terror forces and the new power in the announcement.
And the new power in the divided Libya was the members of ISIL, who then expanded their actions and rule from Libya to Iraq and Syria, with well-known consequences.
On October 31, 2011, ten days after Gaddafi’s assassination, NATO Secretary General Andres Rasmussen announced that Libya is a free rift and that NATO has completed its work in Libya, which, according to Rasmussen, was one of NATO’s most successful military actions completed.
After Gaddafi’s death and the fall of his power, there were about 80,000 war victims and NATO bombings, as well as two million refugees and displaced persons.
The Libyan cities of Benghazi and Darth from the civil war are still valid for the first military strongholds of ISIS, places where ISIS through Egypt appeared in Iraq and Syria creating a new civil war and territory known as their caliphate.
Libya is an ethnically mixed and divided country, similarly to the former Yugoslavia, which has over 20 tribes, seven of which are dominated, and among which a war is still going on, leaving Libya six years after Gaddafi’s death has no stable power that has control over the entire territory, or the laws that govern all over Libya.
Prior to the war, Libya was the stable and richest country in that part of the Arab world. Only 58% of the Libyan industry were oil sources, and 95% of its exports were Libya’s oil, the world’s highest quality oil.
They had about $ 12,000 a gross annual product per capita, with an extremely high literacy rate for the Arab world of about 87% written. Libya, unlike wealthy Saudi Arabia, Kuwait or Qatar was not a religiously closed Islamic state. On the contrary, it is governed by civil liberties greater than all Arab states from Qatar or Egypt, to Algeria and Morocco. Each young married couple from the Libyan state received an apartment, and the talented ones could freely study abroad with the Libyan state fully covering all their costs, from tuition to housing and living expenses. Libya had the lowest taxes in the Arab world and large social funds.
It was Libya to Gaddafi.
Today Libya is not a republic. Even after the first statement in November 2011 by Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the head of the Transitional National Council that Libya will have laws in accordance with Islamic rules, it was clear that freedoms, social care for citizens and prosperity will be past. That’s how it happened.
Libya is now in permanent military courts. On the one hand, there are radical Islamists close to ISIS, and on the other hand, the larger tribes and the formal government that holds over half of the Libyan territory without a stable budget and plan of work but with strong Western diplomatic and military support from which the government receives force, but citizens do not have any benefits, especially social and security.
For the time of Gaddafi, Libya produced 1.5 million barrels of oil a day, today it is produced less than half, and only if there is no shooting in the meantime. According to estimates by the World Bank, Libya has lost about $ 10 billion a year today compared to the time that Gaddafi ruled. For a state that had about 6 million inhabitants before the fall of Gaddafi, and after the refugee crisis today there are fewer than 5 million people, a $ 10 billion loss is an economic disaster every year.
The wealthy eastern part of the oil fields around the city of Benghazi and the surrounding area has long been under the control of local Islamic militia governing oil, belonging to ISIS, and committing terror to all, including US political officials. On September 11, 2012, an Islamic group, Ansar El Shari, launched a terrorist attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, killing US Ambassador Christopher Stevens.
The reason for the attack was the non-acceptance of Islamists by US oil companies to govern oil resources in co-operation with the then new transitional Libyan authorities set by Western allies.
That government never took control even in Tripoli, so under the pressure of private ethnic militia had to leave Tripoli and move to Tobruk. They were chasing them from there, so at one time the Libyan government and parliament sat on a Greek rented ferry.
Six years after Gaddafi … where is today Libya?
Today, unlike before, there are no pensions and regular salaries. For the time of Gaddafi, citizens did not pay healthcare and education, and no electricity and water bills paid today are paid from wages that are three times smaller than ever.
If anyone today in a public place remarks that it was better in the time of Gaddafi without exception, he gets imprisonment and beating.
What took over a million Libyans who fought against Gaddafi in cooperation with NATO and local Islamic radicals from ISIS? They got what they now have: power without Gaddafi, a state without power and order, dozens of local armies and militias, praise from abroad, and for themselves … for the citizens – nothing. Only insecurity, poverty and anger.
Citizens who fought against Gaddafi struggled for their own ruin and uncertainty.
In the summer of 2011, Gaddafi addressed the then French President Sarkozy with a statement he delivered and remembered the whole world: Do not crash Libya if Libya falls Europe will face a strong Islamic armed militia and millions of refugees who will be a greater threat for Europe from any Arab state today.