Stroke is a neurological disorder that manifests itself suddenly as a result of improper blood circulation in the brain that leads to poor or insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients to certain parts of the brain. This leads to damage and death of the nerve cells in the affected parts, which is manifested by the disruption of the functions that these parts of the brain manage.
How big is a stroke ?
The extent to which the widespread and frequent health problem is best illustrated by the fact that 6 million people die from stroke every year in the world and more than half of that number are women.
It is also important to note that as much as 46% of strokes occur in the life span between 45 and 59 years of age, which suggests that a stroke is no longer just a problem affecting only the elderly population, but more and more younger and therefore represents a great health and economic problem.
Given the above, it is important to emphasize the importance of prevention and the promotion of knowledge about stroke and therefore the World Organization for stroke , WSO ( World Stroke Organization ) declared October 29 the World Day for stroke.
How and why does a stroke come about?
The cause of this disease is usually atherosclerosis . But what is atherosclerosis ?
Six important facts about atherosclerosis:
- Atherosclerosis is a process that arises from the accumulation of fat, cholesterol , calcium and degradation products in the arterial wall . They then form a solid structure called plaque. Then the arteries become rougher and inflexible, which reduces or stops the flow of blood, nutrients and oxygen to the organism.
- The process of atherosclerosis can begin very early , but in the second decade of life. However, then this process does not endanger the blood vessel’s blood flow, and this stage of atherosclerosis is difficult to detect.
- The formation of a plaque takes decades. The disease is discovered only when the blood vessel’s blood flow is less than 25% of its cross-section, and when our health is already disturbed.
- Parts of the resulting plaque in the veins can be torn off and travel through the blood to other parts of the body (most often in the brain or heart), where they can completely clog the artery in which they are located, and consequently cause an infarction or stroke .
- Atherosclerosis is also called a “bloated disease” because it is relatively late revealing and it has been proven that smaller, unstable plaques are more likely to crack, which are more difficult to detect.
- Atherosclerosis is the cause of various cardiovascular diseases , such as coronary heart disease, which ultimately diminish the quality of life and the lifespan itself.
The most common symptoms of stroke
The symptoms of stroke depend on the area that supplies the affected blood vessels, and the most common are:
- Speech disorders: complete inability or difficult word pronunciation, complete speech misunderstanding
- Numbness, weakness or obstruction of the face, arm or leg, especially one side of the body
- A sudden blur or loss of vision, especially on one eye
- Loss of balance, dizziness, uncertainty and lapping on the walk, sudden falls associated with other symptoms
- Sudden and severe headache accompanied by vomiting without a clear cause
A certain number of strokes usually precede warning signs in the form of transient symptoms that correspond to stroke symptoms but are significantly shorter and withdraw within 24 hours. People who have had such transient symptoms have a significantly higher risk of serious stroke with more pronounced and severe consequences.
Prevent stroke in time
In view of all the above, it remains to be concluded that the only solution is preventive and timely action to prevent your health from being impaired.
It is important to act on the entire cardiovascular system because only comprehensive action is the correct action on atherosclerosis and all its consequences that have been created for decades.